Many younger Canadians have never heard of the Orange Lodge. But for decades, the Orange Lodge was Ontario’s largest fraternal organization and its big day, the 12th of July, was the celebration in many communities. The whole Orange movement is firmly rooted in British history. Throughout the 1600's, Britain struggled with the concept of democracy & Parliamentary rule. The age of "Divine Right of Kings" was disappearing in the face of democratic rule by the people. In 1688, the English Parliament fired the King of England (James II) for ignoring the laws & wishes of the English, elected Parliament. William III (his son-in-law) was proclaimed King by Parliament. Now having 2 kings in Britain at the same time was not a good idea. Civil war erupted, especially in Ireland where deep divisions already existed. James invaded, William replied and the whole issue came to a head at the Battle of the Boyne (River) on July 12, 1690. James was decisively defeated and the history of democracy received a huge boost.